Technical Potential And Public Acceptance For Sewage Reuse In Malaysia-converted

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Authors: Chin Boon Ongaand Abdul Wahab Mohammada, ba

Chemical Engineering Programme, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti KebangsaanMalaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, MalaysiabCentre for Sustainable Process Technology (CESPRO), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Corresponding author: Abdul Wahab Mohammad

E-mail:;  | Tel: 03-8921 5080


Despite water scarcity leading to wastewater reclamation and reuse, there are still many considerations for the ongoing utilization of reclaimed water. Among the factors, social aspect is paramount for reuse success. This paper presented a study on the reclaimed water quality using a membrane based (Ultrafiltration (UF)/Reverse Osmosis (RO)) pilot plant for water reuse and also identified the factors that will influence public and industries acceptance towards the use of recycled treated water from sewage treatment. Moreover, factors which will affect industries willingness to use reclaimed water for industrial purpose were also studied. Technically, the performance of UF/RO system was excellent. The RO permeate water quality was able to meet WHO drinking water standard. The key results based on the surveys showed that there are positive responses from the public provided that the quality of reclaimed water meets the standards. In this work, cost seems to be the main issue for industries consideration compared to public uses.

Keywords: Industries acceptance, public acceptance, reclaimed water, sewage, reverse osmosis

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